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Activities Project Group Chemnitz

Excursions along the mills at the river Zschopau
24. / 25. 11.2011 - First meeting with Czech friends

Christmas card

Excursion to Chemnitz "Museum of Industry"

Excursion to Hartmannsdorf "Museum of local Industry"

Visit of a 3rd class

Excursion to "Local History Museum" Wittgensdorf

16.02./06.03.2012  - Roundtable discussion

Meeting of senior groups from the Universities of Chemnitz and Liberec


30.05. 2012 – 02.06.2012 
Participation at the meeting of the partner groups of
 "More than Neighbours" in Gent

07.06.2012 - Common photo exhibition

29. 06. 2012
Local History Club Hartmannsdorf

004. 07. 2012
Common hiking day with the third graders from Freiberg

04. 12. 2012
Our group presented the previous results our project work

19. 12. 2012
Merry Chrismas and a Happy New Year

31. 01. 2013/1. 02. 2013
Meeting between the "More than Neighbours" groups from Chemnitz and Liberec

March 20th, 2013
Common excursion our MTN Group with primary school students from the town Freiberg to the School Museum Chemnitz / Ebersdorf

April 6th, 2013
Excursion with our MTN partner group from Liberec to the Kirnitzschtal/ Saxony Switzerland

05.05. /08.05.2013
Final meeting of the participants groups on the project "More than Neighbours" in Chemnitz



Our constant activities:

-    English lessons every Tuesday from 11.30 am until 1.00 pm

-    Meeting of the group to discuss the project tasks and activities
every Tuesday from 1.45 pm until 3.15 pm

-    Participating of the lectures of the Seniors College at the
university every Tuesday from 3.30 pm until 5.00 pm

Excursions along the mills at the river Zschopau

 Jagdweg 8
 09577 Niederwiesa   
 Tel.: 03726 722019 
 Fax: 03726 700391  
 Mobil: 0172 3439790 
 E-Mail: harry.weinert@t-online .de   

Industrial region Chemnitz                                        05.11. 2011 
Industry and handcraft need energy.
The industrialisation of Chemnitz and the region in the surrounding was close connected with the existing of naturel energy resources, as wooden and waterpower.   


Zschopau  b. Waldkirchen Okt.2011
 Chemnitz was and is tangent to water reach rivers,  so in the western region from the Zw. Mulde and in the east direction from the Zschopau. This river  has a high flow rate   (QN = 23, 3 m³/s) with a high water speed and above all the water level is rather constant about the year. These reasons were the basic for the settlement of several handcrafts companies and industry factories along the river.Factories for textile industry so spinning mills for cotton, woollen and flax ,  bleachery and dyeworks, sawmills and wood processing, mills for  grain and edible oil ( this  region isn’t suitable for windmills) were erected. All this factories need for production as well water as energy, so they used the quickly flowing water for supply of energy for drives of machines and units.Rem.: the river Zschopau has a potential head of 970 m by a length of 130 km, this is in Average a drop of 0,7 %.In the 14.th to 18. th. Century  for the driving of machines and units   were run-of river power stations used as under- , middle- and overshot water wheels, depend on the suitable drop of the river and the geographical objective facts. This was largely in harmony with the nature.Increasing the efficiency of waterpower station, a new type of water wheel was introduced,the zummping wheel.
 Later in the middle of 19.th century the first turbines were installed. At this time the type “Kaplan-turbines” were installed, then for function, 
Wheel of a Kaplan turbine. Cotton  mill Mittw. Noiv 2011  they didn’t need special canals for water input. The advantage of Kaplan turbines they are not susceptible to faults, but the disadvantage is,  they are not not-adjustable.In the following periods, which it was possible, the Kaplan turbines were subsisted by Francis turbines.  They have a higher efficiency , but demand higher expenditures for vastly canals for water input  and inflow units s. a. tooth’s and solid filter. A new development is a Kaplan-pipe turbine are but only suitable by specifically local and water technological conditions.(Used in the Rolle-Mill in Waldkirchen, inst. power 170 kW. Advantage, less space requirements and adjustable) Water power station for Rolle mill with fish stair Rolle mill in Waldkirchen  
The modernising , creasing the power and the efficiency of water power station have demanded strong intervention in the natural flow of the rivers for a more than 100 years long period. Weir, inflow canals with tooth’s and solid filter had to be erected. At the beginning of the 20th cent there were in Saxon 3500 pc. of small waterpower stations. In 1997 236 stations were again in operation, but total on a new technical level and significantly expanded. But these waterpower stations cover only 0.4 % of the energy consumption of Saxon. The reducing of CO2-emission is minimal .Perforce each water power plant needs the swell of bodies of water by weirs. Alone the river Zschopau has a length of approx.120 km between Crottendorf and the reservoir Kriebstein 83 pcs. of weir plants, which blockaded the ecological consistency.  It means, that of a distance of 120 km in average per 1,4km River there are a weir. (To compare : on the river Flöha the average distance is 0,9 km river / one weir). We want to consider the section from Zschopau town to reservoir Kriebstein:In this section of a lengths of about 45 km there are following impoundments, which can beproved on the basis of several indications: The situation before 1989/90: There were along the river Zschopau from Zschopau town to reservoir Kriebstein
-   4 pcs. producing mills for grain
- 11 pcs. spinning mills for cotton
-   1 pc.  company for producing of cotton thread
-   1 pc.  company for producing of imitation leather
-   1 pc.  bleachery and dye factory of textile material
-   1 pc.  company for producing units from metal
-   2 pc.  companies for producing paper and cartonages
-   1 pc mechanical weaving mill
-   1 pc waterpower station for supply of inhabitants
-   2 pc. restaurants (both locations were in former time mill for grain and oil fruits or sawmills) All objects had an own waterpower station and could total or partial with power directly supply  and later with electrical energy their selves.The political turning in 1989 and the following short period of destroying of the former East-Germany industry there are the actual situation :
-   2 pcs. producing mills for grain
-   1 pc.  company for producing units from metal
-   4 pcs. company for producing units of several products
-   4 pcs. small industrial and business parks
 - 19 pcs. waterpower stations for supply of households an industry prosecuted by energy companies with an installed power of approx... 3700 kW  All the present waterpower station  existed  before 1990 and were modernised in all parts, new  and more efficient turbines are adjustable , partly new input – and output canals with modern weirs. And modern input station with mechanical and controlled tooth units. It may not fail to disclose, that a lot of modernising were only possible and realisable as follow of the water high tide in 2002.PS.:
Resume:Until 1990 the waterpower were used mainly for industry and handcraft, to drive machines, aggregates and other units. All spinning mills of along the river Zschopau were destroyedTextile industry especial spinning mills had a long tradition in this region. That changed the situation total. Today, all waterpower-station are in the hand of large energy producer. The introducing of water turbine and so the erection of weirs with input- and output canals have damaged the nature especial in our river. A lot of kinds of fish disappeared in our river, because they couldn’t swim upward to their places of births. Therefore there is a program, supported by the government to erect an all weirs called fish stairs. 
In the newspaper I red recently “salmon came back for spawning” and a other message  “Seedlings of catfish were exposed with the hope; some of them will come back in 14 to 15 years as adult catfishes for spawning.     

Kraftwerk Mittweida  
Excursion along the river Zschopau at 2011 November 05  
 (Written by Harry Weiner, December, 23, 2011)
 For our report “Hydropower along the river Zschopauthrough the Ages” members of the project group visitedduring sunny weather some different locations from the community Waldkirchen to the town Flöha.We started in Flöha and went by train “Erzgebirgsbahn”to Waldkirchen   
We started in the “community Waldkirchen” with the “Rolle-Mill “The first documentary mention the mill occurs around 1563 inneighborhood of a blue dye factory. There has always been a mill for grain bread. At the beginning of the operation it was drivenby hydro water power. Two existing water power station drive themill presently – one is situated on the weir directly and the other oneis inbuilt in the mill.     
After a distance of 1,5 km we came to the village Witzschdorf. This community has stamped by a middle large textile factory,at first a spinning mill for cotton and later producer of sewing cotton.All the total period a hydro water power station was integrated.The company for sewing cotton was canceled in 1992.The existing fabric has been changed to a commercial center,some several find of companies have been located.The modernized hydropower station is again in operation    

We hiked down the river toward in the direction to thecommunity Hennersdorf. To our surprise along our way wefound further places for using of hydro water energy. At one placewe saw remnants of a possible former water power station, but allthings were rotted.Next to the lane we discovered a small factory hidden in the forest.It is a producer for parts of water power stations and has beenrunning an own small hydro water power station.      
Our next station was the village Hennersdorf. More than 200 years  this village has been stamped by a cotton mill. There has beenone of the two Remark in Saxony, namely a covered wooden bridge.The cotton mill is out of work, the main building was changedto a residential- and office building. In the former productionbuildings is settled a company for wood processing.The modernized hydropower station is again in operationand supply the wooden company with electro energy. In vain we were looking for a restaurant for lunch, then we were a little bit hungry and thirsty yet. But nothing!   
In this village there was no restaurant.Therefore we continued our way through the village Kunnersdorf.Where we didn’t discovered any former places for the usingof water power.Along the river we attained the community Erdmannsdorf,Once a thriving and wealthy town on the foot of the well knownhunting château Augustusburg.Three large textile companies existed, a large cotton mill,a company for producing of imitation leather anda twisting millToday a totally sad sight, only ruins are still visible.The former water power equipments were rebuilt during the time of the GDR.
Weir and inlet and outlet channels, vans are rotted.  After the lunch in the restaurant “Erbgericht” we started to  our last stage on the right side of Zschopau to the town Flöha, by the way,  the longest stage.We came over  to the rebuilt hydro power station in “Plaue/Flöha”         
On way to the car park at the railway station in Flöha, we passedthe “Alte Baumwollspinnerei” former named ” Spinning mill Plaue”.Once the largest and leading cotton spinning mill in SaxonyIt is a ruin today, apart from the former administration building,which has been reconstructed for the purposes of the municipality.  Resume: We discovered five hydro water power station in operation. But more than 90% of previous production capacity weretotally destroyed.   ( Foto by Weinert)
24. / 25. 11.2011
First meeting with our Czech friends from Liberec with the aim to
get know each other and to discuss our common work.


We send our partners best wishes for a Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year.


    Excursion to “Chemnitz Museum of Industry”
Guided tour through the special exhibition “Industrial Architecture in Saxony” and visiting of the “Textile Street”.



Excursion to Hartmannsdorf “Museum of Local History” to get information about the history and present of the glove knitting factory.


Pupils of the school class 3c of the Theodor-Körner-Primary School from Freiberg made a visit to Chemnitz University of Technology to meet members of our project group "More than Neighbours".

- What´s the project “More than Neighbours”?

- Why is it necessary to live cooperative and harmonic together in the big “European House”?
- How has Europe developed within the last 100 years?
- What does Europe mean for us?
- Why is learning English so important?
- Intergenerational Learning: What can children learn from elderly people and reversed? How can we live together well?




Excursion to the “Local History Museum” Wittgensdorf,
Report from the association chairman about the history and present of the textile industry in the village




We met at a roundtable discussion on the topic: Education of the young generation in past and present
- What ideals and moral concepts have the various generations in the past and today?
- How do we educate our children today?
- The proportion of the older generation in this process


30./31.03.2012 - Meeting of senior groups from the Universities of Chemnitz and Liberec  

The exchange of experiences about the work at the project "More than Neighbours" was in the focus of the discussions, like the presentation of the previous results of both groups on "Textile industry in our regions - yesterday and today",  the common practical work on the Internet platform of "MTN", the opening of the first joint photo exhibition of  photo- groups from  Liberec and Chemnitz, discussion about the further common work on the project, a guided tour  through the city of Chemnitz, deepening of the personal contacts


30.05. 2012 – 02.06.2012 - Participation at the meeting of the partner groups of "More than Neighbours" in Gent 

The exchange from opinions about our project work was in the focus of the meeting, discussion about the next  aims
 Excursion to the European Parliament in Brussels.
Well-known becoming of the participants from our partnership countries from face to face through talks, sightseeing tours in a common bus, a boat trip with dinner and dance



Participating by members of our project group of “MTN” at the opening of common photographic exhibition by seniors  of U3L TU Liberec and the senior college at the University of Technology Chemnitz. The exhibition is presented in the Public Library from Liberec with the topic:  Beauty from the landscapes in Saxony and Czech Republic.


29. 06. 2012

Members from the project group reported about the development of the textile industry in the region in aa meeting of the local history club in Hartmannsdorf.

04. 07. 2012

Eight members from our project group were on a common hiking day with the third graders from Freiberg in this town.
We were on sightseeing in the city.
We visited an old mine and we taked aboutthe life of the miners yesterday and today.





Our group presented the previous results of our " More than Neighbours" project work about 300 participants of the senior's college at the Technical University of Chemnitz.
Five pupils and their class teacher of our partner class attended us and they reported about our common cooperation.

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An interesting Meeting at our University

On 4December 2012, our team was invited to present the results of our work in front of roughly 300 participants of the senior’s College at the University of Technology Chemnitz. Our projectdeals with intergenerational cooperation, lifelong learning and several aspects of the development of the industry in our region, partly from its beginning, but also especially before and after the political change in East Germany. Five children of a fourth class of a school in the town of Freiberg took also part in our presentation. At first our coordinator Klaus Bartoll presented the work of our team, the aims of the project, our cooperation with teams at other institutions abroad and the not so easy way to obtain the possibility of taking part in the Grundtvig programme. The presentation demonstrated the often time- consuming investigations which the members of the team had to do. One member of our group presented several industrial plants along the river Zschopau, one of the important rivers in our region. He showed that a lot of mills used the hydropower for different industrial purposes. He also could impressively show the ups and downs with the numbers of the employees according to their economic situations. For example, most of the mills were shut down between 1990 and 2000 and many employees lost their jobs, causing a high rate of unemployment. On the other hand, 500 new jobs were created in new or reconstructed firms in this time. Another member spoke about the intergenerational work with pupils of a fourth class in Freiberg who have been learning English for a year only. The seniors talked about their lives and former jobs and encouraged the children to learn foreign languages and to support the friendship with other nations. The children and our team also went on common outings, for instance to a former mine. We will continue the work with these pupils, and all of us intend to visit a school museum in Chemnitz in order to see how children learned roughly 100 years ago. The children also delighted the audience with a well-known traditional song of the miners in the Ore Mountains. Another participant described the international meetings of our team, for instance in Liberec, in Ghent and in Chemnitz. In these meetings the results of the work of the several groups at our partner institutions ofthe Grundtvig-programme were exchanged, and the participants had the opportunity to become personally acquainted with each other. One group member described the history of an industrial branch which played an important role in our region: the knitwear industry which was founded by a regionally famous family of entrepreneurs. The participant could also show the development of this industry over the last century and the major changes in 1990. He also documented the changes of the industrial structure and the establishment of new branches. The head of our team, Prof Schoene, presented a possible new project about problems of the European identity. Now we are looking for partners in other countries which could investigate this new topic with us.

Autor: Jochen Kleinhempel                                                                     

19. 12. 2012


Impressions from the Christmas Market in Chemnitz and our region

Dear friends,

The "More than Neighbours" group from Chemnitz sends best greetings to all partners.

Merry Christmas and a happy New Year to you and your families.

We remember our common meetings in Ghent, Liberec and Chemnitz, and we are looking forward to the final meeting in Chemnitz in May 2013.

We wish all groups a further successful project work.

Our project group sends you warmest greetings from Chemnitz.



31. 01. 2013 / 01. 02. 2013                                                                                                                    

Meeting between the „More than Neighbours“ groups from Chemnitz and Liberec
  • Discussion about our common presentation to the topic
    “The Elbe- the river that connects us”

  • Lecture at the university by engineer Kovacic to the subject “Development of Nanotechnology”

  • Visit in the Botanical Garden

  • Visiting the Town Hall



March 20th, 2013

Common excursion our MTN Group with primary school students from the town Freiberg to the School Museum Chemnitz / Ebersdorf
  • We participated in a lesson, so like this was also 100 years ago.
  • We have seen a lot of teaching and learning resources with which many teachers and pupils worked in former years.
  • This day was a highlight for our younger guests in their previous school life.




April 6th, 2013
Excursion with our MTN partner group from Liberec to the Kirnitzschtal/ Saxony Switzerland Both groups work on the topic "The Elbe" a river that connects Bohemia and Saxony. You will experience this Power Point Presentation on our common meeting in Chemnitz in few weeks. Now we wanted to show our friends a part of Saxony Switzerland
  • with a with a ride by tram
  • and a hiking tour through the romantic valley to an old water mill
  • as well as the visiting of an technical museum







05.05. /08.05.2013
Final meeting of the participants groups on the project "More than Neighbours" in Chemnitz

We like to thank all our partner groups for their active participation and discussion during the various events such as
  • the presentation of the results of the project work
  • the reports about their home regions and facilities to the listeners of the Seniors colleges of our University
  • during the excursions on foot and by bike through the city and along the river “Zschopau”
  • during the visit of the Tannhauer Museum in Braunsdorf
  • when visiting of the palace and the park Lichtenwalde and with a following organ concert
  • to a visit to the Town Hall with a lecture on urban development from Chemnitz by mayor Mrs. Petra Wesseler
  • during the final meeting in the evening

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